From Basics to Advanced Education System in Russia
Modern education system in Russia presently its good allegiance with western system of education in its unique Russian style. The framework is generally the same but there are specific Russian terminologies for higher education.
Here is the basic structure of system of education in Russia for continuing your study in Russia.A student generally completes his general education at the age of 17 years in Russia. This includes:
- Kindergarten ( 2 years )
- Primary General Education ( 4 years )
- Basic General Education ( 5 years )
- Secondary General Education ( 2 – 3 years )
Completing the general education in Russia. Student leads to his professional studies.
Professional Education in Russia
Professional education leads to the completion of non university and university diplomas in Russia.
The non-University Education
This is mainly based on vocational training and diplomas for qualified workers, labors, technicians, nurses. The basic diploma takes about 1- 2 years to complete. However , the advanced levels diplomas usually takes 3 years to complete.
The University Education
University stream in Russia to 10- 15 years of academic, research or professional university education in Russia.
Higher Education in Russia
Higher education is usually the university education. It is divided into graduate and post-graduate levels of study.
The graduate level in university education is divided as:
- The Bakalavr Degree ( 4 years )
It’s a same as 4 years bachelors degree of western education System. However it’s invalid for the Medical sciences. These courses are mainly based on academic knowledge.
- The Magistr Degree( 2-4 years )
It’s a continuation after the Bakalavr in a specific subject.
- The Specialist Degree ( 5 years )
This is generally for the medical sciences. These courses are designed for professional practices. The study period is extended to 5 to 6 years in this.
Post Graduate Level
These courses are designed for research scholars in sciences. They are typically known as:
- Kandidat Nauk Degree (1st doctoral degree)
It’s like the PhD degree of west. Usually takes 3 - 4 years for completion with research work.
- Doktor Nauk Degree (2nd doctoral degree )
This degree requires extensive practical research by the candidate. There is no defined tenure for this. But it generally takes 10 to 15 years to achieve Doktor Nauk Degree.